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Includes access to Exhibit Hall and Ice Breaker events
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Alex Epstein, author of The Moral Case for Fossil Fuels
Alex Epstein is a philosopher and energy expert who argues that “human flourishing” should be the guiding principle of industrial and environmental progress. He is the author of the New York Times bestseller The Moral Case for Fossil Fuels.
Alex has made his moral case for fossil fuels at dozens of campuses, including Harvard, Yale, Stanford, and Duke (his alma mater). He has also spoken to employees and leaders at dozens of Fortune 500 energy companies, including ExxonMobil, Chevron, Phillips 66, Valero, Enbridge, and TransCanada.
Alex, known for his willingness to debate anyone, anytime, has publicly debated leading environmentalist organizations such Greenpeace, the Sierra Club, and 350.org over the morality of fossil fuel use.
In his speeches and consulting work he helps companies take his pro-human messaging and use it to neutralize attackers, turn non-supporters into supporters, and turn supporters into champions. One of his major goals is to teach millions of employees in the fossil fuel industry to understand the value of what they do and how to communicate it.
John Jordan, President AAPG Division of Professional Affairs
Grey Areas: Interactive Application of Business Ethics in the Geoscience Profession
Most large oil companies require their employees to have yearly ethics training which is often broad and dry. Texas State licensees are also required to have one hour of ethics training every year; this talk will fulfill that requirement. Although I do not have a degree in philosophy or jurisprudence, I have been an international explorationist for 35 years and therefore I am aware of many situations where individual or business ethics were tested. I have been giving ethics lectures in the Houston area for several years. Three years ago, I gave a lecture introducing the theory of philosophical ethics and explored the difference between moral compass and ethics and how this relates to business ethics. Two years ago we reviewed this model and then applied it to our industry with LIVE feedback from the audience via polling technology. This year I plan to have a very brief review of the Business Ethics Model, a review of the AAPG ethics/code of conduct and focus heavily on examples where your business ethics are tested. I need to hear from YOU to make this experience more meaningful! Please submit ethics examples you have encountered in your career to me at (John.Jordan.DPA@gmail.com) to be considered for use in the lecture. Examples will be anonymous, and the situation will be modified, but the issue will be the same as submitted. Using the examples, the audience will provide immediate digital feedback while we discuss Business Ethics focusing on making sound, consistent and ethical decisions. Come and join this entertaining and spirited discussion about the “grey areas” and make sure to bring a phone that is capable of texting. AAPG will provide all participants with an Education certificate.
John E Jordan, Jr. is the 2019/2020 President of the AAPG Division of Professional Affairs (DPA), Past President of the Houston Geological Society (HGS) and a licensed geoscientist in Texas. He is a retired Project Geophysical Advisor who has worked for several Fortune 500 oil companies in California and Texas. Prior to joining Anadarko in 2007, he worked at Kerr McGee, Noble Energy, Arco and Chevron. During 30+ years in the oil industry, he has worked deep-water and onshore projects from Alaska and the Gulf of Mexico to the Middle East, Asia, Africa and South America. John is a graduate of Wright State University where he received both a BSc and an MSc from the College of Science and Mathematics majoring in geology and geophysics. He does not hold degrees in philosophy or jurisprudence but enjoys lively debate on most any subject.
Upper Devonian paleoenvironmental, diagenetic, and tectonic enigmas in the western Appalachian Basin: new discoveries and emerging questions associated with the Frasnian-Famennian boundary and end-Devonian disturbances in central Ohio.
David R. Blood, DRB Geological Consulting, New Brighton, PA
Gordon C. Baird, Professor Emeritus, Department of Geology & Environmental Science, S.U.N.Y. Fredonia, Fredonia, NY
Central Ohio is notable for the record of pronounced Late Devonian basin subsidence, coupled with episodes of intense and extended substrate dysoxia as expressed by the unconformity-floored black shale successions of the Famennian Huron and Cleveland members, as well as the basal MIssissippian Sunbury submember. We will examine aspects of these basinal deposits; origin of the distinctive rhythmicity, characteristic of the black shale units and possible origins of the widespread erosional contacts and distinctive detrital pyrite and fish bone lag deposits flooring them. At the Shale Hollow Community Park, we will examine colossal septarian concretions in the basal Huron Member and discuss their origin in the context of developing ideas regarding regimes of sediment dewatering and early diagenetic geochemistry within organic-rich muds, as well as the genesis of fracture networks (joint systems) under conditions of deeper burial and associated organic matter maturation. Likely stops include: Shale Hollow Community Park and Highbanks Metropark, north of Columbus, Ohio (Upper Olentangy Member – basal Huron Member interval) and Slate Run Metropark near Lithopolis, Ohio (basal Mississippian Sunbury submember).
The end-Devonian, top-Cleveland Shale Member-through-Bedford and Berea formation interval) records dramatic sea-level changes and inferred paleoclimatic oscillations, including inferred periglacial conditions, associated with the Hangenberg biocrisis (globe-scale, step-wise extinction events), and it offers an interesting regional view of unusual facies (enigmatic red Bedford mudstone succession and overlying Berea Sandstone Formation), apparently linked to it. Finally, far-field, tectonically-generated structural features at varying scales (mudstone microshearing, sediment-loading-liquifaction, and large-scale sandstone diapirism) can be seen and discussed at Bedford and Berea formation sections. Likely stops include: Big Walnut Creek at Sunbury, Ohio (deformed Berea Formation), Blenden Woods Metropark in northeast Columbus, Ohio (Berea), and Slate Rock Metropark near Lithopolis, Ohio (topmost Bedford, Berea, and Sunbury black shale succession).
Berea and Beyond: Ohio’s geology from the Upper Devonian through the Pennsylvanian
Samuel Hulett, Geologist, Division of Geological Survey Ohio Department of Natural Resources
This trip will examine the siliciclastic sequences that comprise the Upper Devonian period through the Pennsylvanian period of Ohio. We will be focusing on mapping and interpretations from the last 25 years, with implications for oil and gas exploration, geologic carbon sequestration, and the deepest underground source of drinking water with respect to these geologic units. During these periods, the Appalachian Basin was a highly dynamic system, experiencing multiple periods of basin filling and delta destruction related to both tectonic flexure and eustatic sea level change.
Tracing the last pulses of sedimentation from the Acadian Orogeny, the trip will start in Columbus and head eastward, focusing on the changes in the depositional environment through time. We will begin the trip by examining the interbedded shales and rippled sandstones of the Devonian Bedford Shale, using well logs and cross sections to follow subsurface trends while examining rocks and their contacts in outcrop. This trip will include a visit to the type section of the Black Hand Member of the Cuyahoga Formation and a discussion about recent research and possible depositional environments. As a final stop, we will inspect the major Mississippian/Pennsylvanian unconformity where a Sharon sandstone channel has deeply cut into the Logan Formation.
Sequence stratigraphy in mixed carbonate & clastic successions: Examples from the lower Silurian of Ohio in core and outcrop
Christopher Waid, Geologist, Division of Geological Survey Ohio Department of Natural Resources
Dr. Carlton E. Brett, Professor, Undergraduate Director, University of Cincinnati
The lower Silurian “Clinton sands” (Medina Group of New York) have produced oil and natural gas for over a century, and are a potential target for carbon capture, use, and sequestration (CCUS). The economic value of the “Clinton” units has renewed interest in precise subsurface correlations of lower and middle Silurian units. Limitations of subsurface data necessitate correlations from the chronostratigraphically well-understood, carbonate-dominated units exposed at the surface to the clastic-dominated subsurface units of the Appalachian Basin. Sequence stratigraphy offers the best means of applying the precise chronostratigraphy developed in southwest and south-central Ohio to the subsurface of eastern Ohio. This workshop and trip will focus on the sequence stratigraphy of carbonate-dominated Silurian units of central and southwestern Ohio, and touch on current state of research at the Division of Geological Survey (DGS) extending this sequence stratigraphic framework into the clastic-dominated Silurian of eastern Ohio.
The core workshop on Saturday will introduce participants to sequence stratigraphic concepts in mixed siliciclastic-carbonate cratonic-foreland basin successions using the lower to mid Silurian of south-central Ohio as a test case. Introductory lectures will discuss the conceptual framework of sequence stratigraphy and provide background on the geologic setting and larger-scale stratigraphic sequences of the Silurian in northeastern North America. Participants will then examine portions of three cores through the Silurian from Ohio and will attempt to locate important boundaries, flooding surfaces, sedimentologic-paleontologic features, and then synthesize those data into facies trends. These features and trends will be compared to gamma-ray profiles from these same drill holes to identify log motifs useful for subsurface correlation. These motifs will then be discussed using subsurface cross sections recently developed by the DGS through lower to mid Silurian of southern and central Ohio. Sunday’s half-day field trip will review the key markers, surfaces, and systems tracts identified in Saturday’s cores in the context of two or three outcrops of the same intervals in the Dayton, Ohio region. Here the emphasis will be on sedimentary features and fossils, as well as identifying key sequence stratigraphic surfaces and trends in well exposed successions. Participants will return to Columbus in time for the awards ceremony.
Borehole Imaging Technology: Analyses, Interpretations and Applications
Ronald L. Parker, Senior Geologist, Borehole Image Specialists, LLC, Greenwood Village, CO
This course is an introduction to the evolutionary history, acquisition, QC, processing, analysis, interpretation and application of borehole images in modern day hydrocarbon exploration and production. Borehole images provide unparalleled visual resolution (0.2 inch) of reservoir features that are beyond the reach of open-hole logs or seismic. These features include sedimentary structures, bedding contacts, folds, fractures and faults. Combined with the ability of software to map the spatial geometry of these features with depth, borehole images provide information almost equivalent to cored rock and serve as less expensive core-proxies across the field. This course will traverse the historical development of dipmeter, acoustic and resistivity borehole images up to the latest developments in tool design and engineering. Recent developments include improvements in acquiring images in horizontal wells, through oil-based circulation fluid and even while drilling. The course will address the means of mapping planar features and how these data can render information about sediment transport direction, paleoslope orientation, and post-depositional deformation. Clues from image color and texture permit determination of fracture types (open aperture, mineralized, partially-mineralized or closed); spatial variation in fracture types, abundances and geometries are often controlled by structural or lithologic changes. Rock matrix and pore texture (from borehole images) combined with composition (from open-hole logs) can be used to map image facies – proxies for the sedimentary facies that can only be known from core. Image facies calibrated to core can be used to map the degree of bioturbation vs. laminated material across a field, to characterize debris flows or to visualize secondary porosity or brecciation in a horizon targeted for salt water disposal. The material will cover identification of present-day stress indicators (borehole breakouts and drilling-induced tensile fractures), crucial characteristics for stimulation design. Lastly, the course will investigate enhanced applications of borehole image data. These applications include calibrating quantitative stress calculations for reservoir geomechanics and borehole stability, predicting the geometry of critically-stressed fractures to mitigate induced seismicity, indicating degree of anisotropy to fine-tune stimulation design, and mapping hydraulic stimulation fractures from nearby wells. Seeing is believing!
This course is designed for those who desire an overview of the utility and insights that can be gained from borehole image log data and how these insights can inform drilling, coring, stimulation and production. This course is best suited to undergraduate and graduate students and early-career professionals that have a background in basic geologic principles including sedimentary geology and structural geology. Attendees need only bring questions and a means of recording notes.
A Gentle Introduction to Big Data, Data Analytics and Machine Learning
Srikanta Mishra, PhD, Senior Research Leader & Discipline Lead, Reservoir Sciences & Data Analytics
Battelle Memorial Institute, Columbus, OH
While big data, data analytics and machine learning have become the latest buzzwords in the oil and gas industry, there is a general lack of understanding among petroleum geoscientists about these concepts and their terminology. To that end, this ½ day course will cover: (a) easy-to-understand descriptions of the commonly-used techniques, and (b) case studies demonstrating the applicability, limitations and value-added proposition for these methods. The course will inform attendees how modern techniques for data-driven analysis can convert data into actionable information for reducing cost, improving efficiency and/or increasing productivity in oil and gas operations.
This course is for designed for geoscientists, petroleum engineers and managers interested in learning about the basics of big data analytics and machine learning. Participants should have a basic background in statistics. While course notes will be provided, students should bring along a notebook or laptop to take additional notes.